Postgraduate study is a challenging opportunity for personal and professional skills development, but it's important that you pick the research qualification route that is going to be best for you. Once you have decided on the right course for you, all the study skills you developed as an undergraduate will be equally essential to you as a postgraduate (see Stella Cottrell's The Study Skills Handbook). Select a university which suits your needs - whether it is local, has a specialist in your field, caters for part time students, can offer international students support with tertiary literacy (high level language skills in a second or third etc, language) or distance support. Find out about the university, read the handbooks they send you, contact individuals and talk through your ideas and the course. Then once you have chosen, hang on to the information so you are well informed about regulations.
Coming up with good, original ideas and using them effectively is the key to successful postgraduate work, but this is not always an easy task. The secret to success is to realise that these ideas might come to you at any moment: in a seminar, browsing in the library, even in the shower! To capture them, make sure that you note them down as soon as they come to you – a ‘research notebook’, which you carry with you, is a useful tool for this. Once you have recorded the thought, always make a note of the fact that the idea is original to you so that you can use it with confidence. Revisit your research notebook regularly as you progress. You can also try brainstorming with colleagues if you get stuck, or browsing index pages of texts to spark new ideas.
The focus on a lengthy piece of research, which we are concentrating on here, may seem daunting now, but it should be seen as something which is manageable, well planned and carefully carried out. You need to be realistic about its scope - it should be a manageable topic, filling a gap in knowledge, seen as a project to be planned, actioned, and finished off, not something which in itself will last for the rest of your life and change the world (its results might of course!).
You need to be able to develop an acceptable proposal with a sound conceptual framework underpinning and guiding all you do, and be able to work independently. You will spend most of your time working on your own, independently, with the guidance of a supervisor, and hopefully a research methods development programme and other peers. You will need to:
These should provide a guide for good practice and good experience throughout your study:
The research student should ensure that they are engaged on a promising topic that might fairly be expected to produce sound results and within the agreed time frame.
Ask yourself if your research is promising or rich enough and likely to produce sound results. You will need to use your own sense of what realistic and good quality research you have worked with in the past and to consult with your supervisor and colleagues to produce a viable project based on: the conceptual framework ie quality of the research questions, the methodology, the methods, your ability to organise ideas and findings.
You will need to show imagination and realism, and the ability to change and develop ideas in relation to what you are discovering.
For further advice on successful research-definitions, see chapter 2 of The Postgraduate Research Handbook by Gina Wisker.
Will the research you have started to identify and plan be completed within the time allowed? Is it too grand in scope? Is it unmanageable because of all your other commitments? Whatever its size and scope, you will need to develop good time management habits to:
You need to:
For more advice, see time management.
It is important to start to read widely in the appropriate literature and to start to develop a literature research base and a sense of the major arguments by the major theorists whose work will underpin your own, and with whose work your own will be in a 'dialogue'.
Taken from How to Manage your Postgraduate Course, by Lucinda Becker.
For further advice on balancing demands, see Chapters 7 and 8 of The Postgraduate Research Handbook by Gina Wisker.